Hotels in Antigua Guatemala.
 Hotels in Antigua Guatemala.
 Hotels in Antigua Guatemala.

The Conquest

Later along, Don Pedro de Alvarado with Bernardino Vázquez de Tapia they made an advanced inspection toward Tenochtitlan, in order to observe and determine the best route, Vázquez de Tapia fell ill with fever, and Alvarado had to complete the mission, both returned to Cholula to Hernan Cortes inform the details, that’s when the Indians gave him the nickname of Tonatiuh.

In the absence of Cortés, who had gone to meet Pánfilo de Narvaez, Pedro de Alvarado remained in command, ordering the killing of the Main Temple, which preceded the defeat of the Spanish in what was called the Battle of “Noche Triste” (1520). Reprimanded by Cortes, who was forced to rush back to Tenochtitlan to his aid, arguing that the Aztecs were preparing human sacrifices Texcal Party (fifth month of the eighteen months of the Mexica calendar), backing out on their promise of not doing it, and the feast was prepared as atrap to attack the Spanish. But even more lenient sources agreed to denounce that Alvarado ordered without notice to attack the feast dancers, killing between three hundred and six hundred unarmed people. The Aztecs Testimonies collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun described a cruel slaughter.

It is said that during his flight from the Great Tenochtitlan, he was credited with saving his life, despite being surrounded by enemies jumping a canal leaning on his spear buried in the mud, this gesture has given its name to “Puente de Alvarado”, name of a street in the City of Mexico, located in the area where that may have occurred. It could be cited as precedent pole vault, as done with Philippides for the marathon. but the jump probably didn’t exist: the reference comes from Francisco Lopez de Gomara, who was not even an eyewitness, and is emphatically contradicted by very Bernal Diaz del Castillo, who was there himself, and wields strong arguments: no witness had noticed the jump, because they were busy in saving their lives, the water depth and width of the channel hopping discards this act of acrobatics and finally, the same Bernal did not hear anyone mention the jump until long after the conquest the occasion of the publication of a libel laudatory to Alvarado.

Sent by Hernan Cortez, Captain Pedro de Alvarado leaves the city of Tenochtitlan towards Guatemala accompanied with 120 horsemen, 300 foot soldiers and several hundred people from Cholula, Tlaxcala and Mexico, to carry out the conquest of Guatemala from 1523 to 1527. Don Pedro de Alvarado entered Guatemala on the lowlands and peaceful Soconusco and then headed Xetulul Humbatz, Zapotitlan.

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