Antigua Guatemala, Human Patrimony
Nowadays, Antigua Guatemala is one of the principal tourist places of Guatemala, even if in the past was an abandoned city to create another capital. This happened because some people returned and gave it life during the pass of years.
Its colonial architecture makes it a jewel for the urbanism and architecture. This is a city where time has stop. Each building tells a different story and most of the old traditions are still alive.
In 1979 the city of Antigua Guatemala was declared by UNESCO as a “Human Patrimony”.
If you´re looking to learn more about history and meet the greatness of this country, this is a city you have to visit!
Antigua Guatemala, after the earthquake
People living in Antigua Guatemala were ordered to leave the city in 1773, however not everyone wanted to do it. Poor people stayed, while wealthy families and church institutions went to the new valley.
People who stayed used the ruins of churches and convents as their homes or places of business. One example was the convent of the Compañía de Jesús, which was the municipal market place until 1976.
Years passed and people made their best to resist the situation, rebuilding their homes and trying to preserve their customs. Antigua grew slowly through the 19th century, during which period some restoration work was done on the cathedral. But it was not until the mid-20th century that the historic and architectural value of the colonial buildings and ruins began to be appreciated.
Santa Marta Earthquake, History of Antigua Guatemala
During July 29 of 1773 an earthquake shook the city of Antigua Guatemala. This earthquake was called Santa Marta. Ten minutes later, a second earthquake destroyed most of the buildings just in two minutes. Pieces of walls were over the streets and a cloud of dust covered the air. Everything stayed in silence.
On September and December of the same year, two earthquakes shook the city again. By this time, people lived on their improvised houses, trying to recover their lives. After this event the main powers decided to move the capital to another place. However, not everyone agreed with this decision, some of them stayed in the city they loved and rebuild their houses.
¡Learn more details of the hisotory of Antigua Guatemala!